Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Telangana have taken the top three slots, emerging winners among the 18 large states in governance performance, Public Affairs Centre (PAC), a Bengaluru-based nonprofit think tank, announced on Thursday.
Public Affairs Index (PAI 2021), as the study is called, has prepared the list based on scores secured by the states in governance performance across the pillars of equity, growth and sustainability.
Gujarat ranks fifth, Karnataka seventh and Maharashtra 12th in the ranking.
The study is an annual assessment of the adequacy and quality of governance in states, and it has also assessed the states on the basis of their implementation of the centrally sponsored-programmes of rural employment guarantee scheme, national health mission, integrated child development service, Samagra Siksha Abhiyan and mid-day meal scheme.
A highlight of this year’s study, the PAC said, is the Covid-19 response index. It is an analysis of the governance response of the states to the pandemic and the degree of success achieved in mitigating its impact.
While Sikkim, Goa and Mizoram have emerged winners among the small states, Puducherry, Jammu & Kashmir and Chandigarh are the toppers among the union territories.
The Public Affairs index series is purely evidence-based assessment of the performance of states using only the central government data sources, the PAC said.
In the overall rankings, Kerala continues to be at the top and Tamil Nadu has retained its second place. Telangana has replaced Andhra Pradesh at the third spot compared to last year’s ranking. The study shows Telangana, Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh have performed better than their parent States. Telangana, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand and Gujarat have performed well in the overall index, while Maharashtra, Assam, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh have slipped in rankings as compared to last year, the study noted.
Andhra Pradesh which ranked third last year, ranks eighth this time due to its fall in the equity and growth pillars. Similarly, Karnataka which ranked fourth last time has declined to seventh place — it has slipped from 12th place to 16th place on the equity pillar score.
Gujarat which ranked ninth last year has climbed to fifth position this year. While West Bengal which ranked 12th last year, has slipped to 15th, Maharashtra that ranked seventh last year has slipped to 12th because of a drastic fall in the equity pillar. This is a clear indication that Maharashtra is struggling to recover from the pandemic, the study has noted.
A surprise feature is Jharkhand’s jump from 15th to 9th place and ranking third in the growth pillar.